Sports Involving Horses
Here is a list of sports in which the competitors ride on the back of a horse, are pulled along by a hose, or have the involvement of horses in some way.
Team Sports On Horseback
- Arena Polo — a minified version of polo which is played on horseback on a field much smaller in size and enclosed by walls on all sides.
- Beach Polo — polo on horseback though played on a sand field with sideboards so the ball is always in play.
- Buzkashi — a Central Asian sport like polo in which riders on horses attempt to drag a goat carcass toward the goal. There is a variant known as kokpar which is quite similar.
- Cowboy Polo — similar to regular Polo, though riders compete with western saddles, usually in a smaller arena and with an inflatable rubber medicine ball.
- Horseball — The sport is like a combination of Polo, Rugby and Basketball, played on horseback where a ball is carried and shot through a high net to score.
- Horse Soccer — a variation of Pushball, a team sport where an inflated ball is driven through a goal while riding a horse.
- Jereed — a traditional Turkish team equestrian sport in which the objective is to throw blunt wooden javelins at players of the opposing team.
- Pato — a cross between Polo and Basketball played on horseback. It is the national sport of Argentina.
- Polo (Horse Polo) — a team sport played on horseback in which the objective is to hit a ball into a goal using a long-handled mallet.
- Polocrosse — an equestrian sport combining the sports of lacrosse and polo.
- Snow Polo — a variation of Polo on horseback which is played on compacted snow on flat ground or a frozen lake.
Equestrian (Horse Riding) Sports
- Dressage — riders and horses perform from memory a series of predetermined events.
- Eventing — riders compete in three types of races, dressage, cross-country and show jumping, in a single competition.
- Show Jumping — riders on horseback attempt to jump cleanly through sets of obstacles within a specific time.
- Cross-Country Equestrian — horse riders are required to jump over 30 to 40 obstacles within a fixed time, incurring penalties for exceeding the allocated time or if a horse refuses to clear an obstacle.
- Endurance Riding — an equestrian discipline where riders and horses compete in races over very long distances.
- Equestrian Vaulting — a gymnastics and dance discipline done on horseback.
- Reining — equestrian riders guide their horses through a precise pattern of spins, circles and stops.
- Western Pleasure — a horse show competition in which horses are evaluated for their manners and composure.
- TREC — a French equestrian sport in which the objective is to test both the horse and the rider in competitions consisting of three separate events.
- Gymkhana — a multi-game equestrian event which is performed to display the talents of the horses and their riders.
Horse Racing Sports
- Horse Racing (General) — - equestrian sport which involves jockeys riding horses or being pulled along by horses.
- Thoroughbred Racing — horse racing sport which involves the racing of thoroughbred horses.
- Steeplechase — a horse racing sport in which competitors on horsebacks race on a long distance course that has several types of obstacles.
Horse Pulling Sports
- Carriage Driving — sports in which horses or ponies are hitched to a wagon, carriage, cart or sleigh by means of a harness.
- Harness Racing — horses trot or pace while pulling a driver in a sulky.
- Combined Driving — a driver on a carriage pulled by horses takes part in three events: dressage, marathon and cones.
- Pleasure Driving — a horse and carriage sport judged on a horse's manners, performance, quality and conformation.
- Chuckwagon Racing — a chuckwagon is pulled by four thoroughbred horses around a track.
- Scurry Driving — ponies pull a carriage with two riders around a track.
- Skijøring — being pulled either by a dog, a horse or a motor-operated vehicle while on skis.
- Horse Pulling — one or two horses harnessed to a weighted sled pull for the greatest distance.
- Chariot Racing — horses pull along a driver riding a chariot (extinct sport).
Rodeo Type Sports on Horseback
- Barrel Racing — a rodeo event where participants and horses complete a clover-leaf pattern around barrels.
- Chilean Rodeo — two riders on horseback try to stop a calf.
- Cutting — an American western style sport of the equestrian discipline in which the objective for a rider on a horseback is to separate a few cows from its herd and prevent it from returning.
- Campdrafting — a sport from from Australia where a rider on horseback attempts to cut out a cattle from its herd and drive it into a pen.
- Roping — a rodeo event where calves or cows are caught by throwing around it a rope with a loop as quickly as possible.
- Tent Pegging — the objective for a horse rider is to pierce, pick-up and carry a target, with a lance or a sword, as they gallop towards the target.
- Team Penning — the objective for each three-rider team on horseback is to separate three specific cattle from a herd.
- Toros Coleados — involves chasing down a bull while riding on horseback (also called Bull-Tailing).
Other Sports on Horseback
- Cowboy Mounted Shooting — involves shooting at targets while riding a horse.
- Horseback Archery — shooting arrows at targets while riding a horse. (not common)
- Mounted Orienteering — participants navigate from start to end through control points, usually on horseback.
- Jousting — competitors on horsebacks with long lances try to knock each other down (historical sport)
- Quintain — competitors on horsebacks with long lances try to hit a stationary object hanging from a pole (historical sport)
Other Horse Related Sports
- Horseshoes — players toss horseshoes at stakes in the ground.