Encyclopedia of Sport: Every sport from around the world

(Horse) Polo

Horse polo or simply called polo, is a contact sport played on horseback. There are two types of horse polo: field polo which is played using a solid plastic sphere ball, and then there’s arena polo which is played with a small air-filled ball, which is similar to a soccer ball.

Two teams can play with four members each. The team members can be a mix of male and female. The polo equipment are equestrian helmet, colored shirt, riding boots, and white trousers. Optional equipment are kneepads, face mask, whip, and gloves.

a polo player in actionpolo players in action

The main objective of the game is to score goals against the opposing team. Using a mallet, the players can score a goal by driving a small wooden ball into the opponent’s goal. The traditional polo is played at speed on a field with measures up to 300 yards. The modern polo game lasts about two hours and is divided into periods which are called chukkas, which is sometimes called chukkers.

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