Body Size & Composition and Fitness

What is Body Size & Composition?

Sports Definition: refers primarily to the distribution of muscle and fat in the body. Body size includes parameters such as height, lengths and girths.

Body size and composition is one of the main fitness components, important for success in many sports. For many athletes, this is an area that they concentrate on to reach an optimal body shape for their sport. Consequently, many training or exercise programs are geared solely to modify body size and composition in some way. Training can be very effective in changing muscle and fat distribution and proportions within the body, as well as weights and girths, though it is less successful in changing body sizes such as lengths and heights.

For some athletes it is one of the most important aspect of fitness and for success in sports. Body composition, such as the amount of body fat and muscle mass, can also significantly affect sporting performance. Body size and composition can be considered important in sports where you have an advantage of being tall (e.g. basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy (sumo wrestling) or light (gymnastics). In many other sports, including team field sports, correct body composition and size is also very important as part of the overall fitness profile. You can see which sports some people think body composition is important.

Body Comp & Size and Fitness InformationBody Composition and Sports


Related Pages

Popular Content


Fitness Extra

If you are new to exercise, consider getting a medical assessment before doing too much. Fill out a PARQ to see if you are ready. The best thing you could do is perform a warm-up before each fitness session, which should include some stretching. When training, following correct exercise technique can help reduce injuries and maximise fitness gains.

How to Cite