Yugoslavia first competed at the Olympic Games in 1920, and had a team at all the summer Olympic Games from then until 1988. Previous to 1920, a small number of athletes from this region had competed for Austria or Hungary, and at the 1912 Olympics two athletes competed as Serbia.
At the 1992 Olympics athletes from Yugoslavia participated as Independent Olympic Participants, as their nation was under United Nations sanctions.
A team called 'Federal Republic of Yugoslavia' was represented at the 1996 and 2000 Olympics, which was actually a federation of the regions of Serbia and Montenegro. Serbia-Montenegro was later split to Serbia and Montenegro.
By the 2008 Olympics, all six successor nations formed from the breakup of Yugoslavia were competing as independent nations. See each of these country pages for more information.
- Yugoslavian Shooter Jasna Šekarić and table tennis player Ilija Lupulesku are the only athletes to compete under four different flags at the Olympic Games. They both competed for Yugoslavia at Seoul in 1988, then under the Olympic flag as Independent Olympic Participants at Barcelona 1992, then represented the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later called Serbia and Montenegro) at Atlanta 1996 and Sydney 2000. In Athens 2004, Šekarić again represented Serbia and Montenegro while Lupulesku became an American citizen and competed for the USA. In 2008 and 2012 Šekarić competed for Serbia following Montenegro's independence.
- The 1984 Winter Olympics were held in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia.
- Yugoslavia at the Winter Olympics
- List of all countries that have participated at the Olympic Games.