Two athletes from Serbia competed at the 1912 Summer Olympics. After that athletes from this region competed in the team from Yugoslavia. At the 1992 Olympics, athletes from Serbia and Montenegro participated as Independent Olympic Participants, as their nation was under United Nations sanctions.
A team called Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was represented at the 1996 and 2000 Olympics, which was actually a federation of the regions of Serbia and Montenegro, and in 2004 they competed under the name Serbia and Montenegro. Montenegro declared independence from Serbia in 2006. At the 2008 Summer Games in Beijing, they competed as the separate independent nations Serbia & Montenegro, and has done so since.
- Yugoslavian Shooter Jasna Šekarić and table tennis player Ilija Lupulesku are the only athletes to compete under four different flags at the Olympic Games. They both competed for Yugoslavia at Seoul in 1988, then under the Olympic flag as Independent Olympic Participants at Barcelona 1992, then represented the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later called Serbia and Montenegro) at Atlanta 1996 and Sydney 2000. In Athens 2004, Šekarić again represented Serbia and Montenegro while Lupulesku became an American citizen and competed for the USA. In 2008 and 2012 Šekarić competed for Serbia following Montenegro's independence.
- Serbia and Montenegro at the Winter Olympics
- List of all countries that have participated at the Olympic Games.
- About sport in Serbia and Montenegro