Anthropometry for Field Hockey

As with most team sports, there are many components of fitness that are important for success for hockey players. One of these would be body size and composition (anthropometry). Being taller and with a larger arm reach would be considered advantageous, giving the players a longer reach in tackles and reaching the ball. For the goal keepers, superior height and reach is particularly advantageous.

Anthropometric tests are available for measuring height and arm span. Body fat can be measured using the skinfold method. If this is not available, monitoring body weight changes would give an indication of body fat changes, assuming no change in muscle mass. Excess body fat would affect the hockey player's ability to move freely around the field, and the extra weight will increase fatigue. 

Anthropometry and Olympic Athletes

London 2012 Olympic Games

Here is some information from the analysis of the anthropometric data (height, weight and age) from the field hockey participants at the London 2012 Olympic Games. You will notice that the hockey players were shorter and lighter than the average Olympian. We would expect that the height of players from different teams would vary, such as the Asian teams having a small average height than say the Australians or Dutch. There would also be positional differences.

Sport Age Height (cm) Weight (kg) BMI
OVERALL AVERAGE (all sports) 26.1 176.9 72.8 23.3
Hockey (all) 26.0 173.2 69.0 22.9
Hockey (females) 25.6 167.1 61.3 21.9
Hockey (males) 26.3 180.6 78.3 24.0

Rio 2016 Olympic Games

Here is average data from the analysis of the anthropometric data of the hockey players at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.

  Age (years) height (m) weight (kg) BMI
AVERAGE (all sports) 26.8 1.77 72.0 22.9
hockey (all) 26.6 1.73 68.9 22.8
hockey (females) 25.9 1.67 60.4 21.7
hockey (males) 27.4 1.80 77.4 23.8

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