Height & Weight of Field Hockey Players

Anthropometric measurements can be an important factor in the performance of hockey players. For example, being taller and with a longer arm reach would be considered advantageous, giving the players a greater reach in tackles and for reaching for the ball. For the goal keepers, superior height and reach is particularly advantageous. Below are some height and weight measurements of hockey players, mostly from elite level players. See also our discussion on body-fat measurements in hockey players.

Olympic Athletes

London 2012 Olympic Games

Here is some information from the analysis of the anthropometric data (height, weight and age) from the field hockey participants at the London 2012 Olympic Games. You will notice that the hockey players were shorter and lighter than the average Olympian. We would expect that the height of players from different teams would vary, such as the Asian teams having a small average height than say the Australians or Dutch. There would also be positional differences.

Sport Age Height (cm) Weight (kg) BMI
OVERALL AVERAGE (all sports) 26.1 176.9 72.8 23.3
Hockey (all) 26.0 173.2 69.0 22.9
Hockey (females) 25.6 167.1 61.3 21.9
Hockey (males) 26.3 180.6 78.3 24.0

Rio 2016 Olympic Games

Here is average data from the analysis of the anthropometric data of the hockey players at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.

  Age (years) height (m) weight (kg) BMI
AVERAGE (all sports) 26.8 1.77 72.0 22.9
hockey (all) 26.6 1.73 68.9 22.8
hockey (females) 25.9 1.67 60.4 21.7
hockey (males) 27.4 1.80 77.4 23.8

From Research Studies

Here are some measurements the height and weight of hockey players, taken from a range of research studies.

Height. The tallest male hockey players were 180 ± 9.0cm from the Netherlands national team, and the shortest were the Indian National team at 172.5 ± 5.35cm (Table A), which highlights the different physiques according to country of origin. Physique and height also differ with playing position, as Malhotra et al. (1974) found that backs were the tallest (176.6cm), goalkeepers the shortest (167.7cm), and the forwards in between (170.6cm). For females the tallest players measured 168.4 ± 6.5cm and the shortest were college players at 161.6 ± 4.8cm (Table B).

diving hockey player tall hockey players have a rgeater reach

Weight. A number of male hockey groups have reported weights around 75kg, down to 62.9 ± 6.34 for Olympic level Indian players (Table A). Within this group the body weight of forwards was lighter (60.0kg) than the backs and goalkeepers (67kg). Performance success may be influenced by weight, as the Indian gold medal winning hockey team at the Tokyo Olympics was on average 4.3kg heavier, but the same height as the 'competitive' Indian players in the Manna study (2011). This could be indicative of greater muscle mass. For females, the Italian National team average weight was 57.9 ± 4.2kg, with the highest average for a group of university players measuring at 68 ± 3.6kg (Table B). Wassmer and Mookerjee (2002) noted that female goalkeepers were the heaviest with the highest body fat percentage, while other positional players showed less variety of body composition.

Table A: height and weight data of male hockey athletes

Author n Group Age (yrs) Height (cm) Weight (kg)
Malhotra et al., 1974 24 Olympic level players 23.8 ± 2.64 172.5 ± 5.35 62.9 ± 6.34
Van Erp Baart et al., 1989 8 Elite players 27 ± 2 180.0 ± 9.0 75.0 ± 7.7
Scott, 1991 162 State and National players 24.6 ± 3.9 176.3 ± 6.5 75.2 ± 8.1
Boyle et al., 1994 9 International level players 26 ± 4.5 177.3 ± 3 75 ± 5.4
Manna et al., 2010 30 Indian elite players Baseline data 23-30 (range) 174.4 ± 5.2 68.9 ± 4.4
Preparation phase
174.4 ± 5.2 69.3 ± 4.4
Competition phase
174.5 ± 5.0 69.9 ± 4.4
Manna et al., 2011 Total n=120 30 Indian competitive players U16 163.5 ± 2.4 53.9 ± 3.9
30
U19 170.3 ± 3.4 60.7 ± 3.7
30
U23 172.7 ± 3.3 63.8 ± 3.4
30
Senior (23-30) 173.3 ± 3.2 64.9 ± 4.4
Del Coso et al, 2015 13 Spanish 1st division players 23.2 ± 3.9 181 ± 7 76.1 ± 6.1


Table B: height and weight data of female hockey athletes

Author n Group Age (yrs) Height (cm) Weight (kg)
Ready 1987 19 Canadian women's National team 23.2 ± 2.8 162.5 ±5.6 58.5 ± 4.8
Marshall & Harber 1996 75 Indoor national championship players 22.5 ± 3.2 162.3 ± 5.5 62.3 ± 5.7
Sparling 1998 12 US Olympic women's team 27 ± 3 165 ± 6 59.6 ± 3.6
Van Erp Baart 1989 9 Elite hockey 24 ± 4 166.0 ± 3.6 62.1 ± 7.4
Astorino 2004 13 University players 19.7 ± 1.4 164 ± 0.6 60.7 ± 5.8
Beck 2005 15 College players 20.6 ± 1.1 161.6 ± 4.8 59.6 ± 3.4
Beck 2005 21 Senior players 37.3 ± 10.3 166.7 ± 5.3 66 ± 4.8
Calo 2009 24 Italian National team 25.7 ± 3.6 163 ± 4.3 57.9 ± 4.2
Wassmer 2002 37 NCAA Division II players 20.2 ± 1.5 164.3 ± 5.2 63.1 ± 8.6
Krzykala 2015 17 Polish national team 21 ± 3.8 168.4 ± 6.5 62.8 ± 6.7
14 Youth elite team 17.3 ± 0.8 166.7 ± 7.1 62.4 ± 10.9

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