Cycling, which is also called bicycling or biking, can be a recreational activity or a sport. Early cycling races involved boneshaker style bicycles. In the 1980’s there were a lot of races organizes across Europe, the United State, and Japan.
The most famous cycling race is the Tour de France. The Tour de France started in 1903. As cycling races became popular, different formats for racing were developed. These races involved individuals or teams, and they are contested in different ways. The races can be a one-day race, criterium, and time trail to multi-stage events. In time trial races, it requires the participants to ride against the clock.
As well as road racing, there are many cycling events held on a banked track called a velodrome, usually indoors.
The riders can participate individually or in teams. Organizations for cycling have strict rules on the bicycles that are used in the races.
- Road Cycling — cycle races held on paved roads, usually over several hours or days.
- Track Cycling — bicycle races conducted on velodromes or other specially designed tracks that feature a steep banking.
- Cycling Time Trials — a bicycle race in which cyclists race alone against the clock.
- Para-Cycling — cycle racing events using adaptations for disabled athletes, such as tandem bikes and hand-cycling.
- Mountain Biking — riders using a bicycle off-roads, usually through rough terrain.
- E-Bike Racing — competitive cycling where participants use electric bicycles (e-bikes) to compete in various races and events.
- Cyclo-Cross — a type of bicycle racing, a winter sport performed over various terrain.
- Cycle Speedway — replicating motor speedway using bicycles
- Bicycle Motocross (BMX) — a cycle sport that involves BMX bikes.
- Ice Track Cycling — racing a modified bicycle around a 400 m frozen track.
- Freestyle BMX — stunt riding sport using BMX bikes.
- Unicycling — sports using a single-wheel cycle. Disciplines include Mountain Unicycling, Unicycle Trials, Unicycle Hockey, Unicycle Handball, Unicycle Basketball.
- Cycle Ball — the gameplay is similar to that of association football, but is played with each player riding a bicycle.
- Artistic Cycling — a form of competitive indoor cycling in which athletes perform tricks for points on specialized, fixed-gear bikes in a format similar to ballet or gymnastics.
- Bicycle Polo — similar to Polo, though played on bicycles instead of horses.
- Snowbiking — uses a mountain bike on snow with fat tires.
- Skibobbing — a winter sport that uses a bicycle-type frame connected to skis called skibobs.
- Cycling at the Olympics
- About the Tour de France and other cycling major events
- Cycling Fitness Tests
- Complete list of sports
- The Encyclopedia of Sports