Nutrients are chemical substances required by the body for survival. There are Micronutrients and Macronutrients. Macronutrients are such chemicals needed in large amounts by the body: protein, carbohydrates, and fats. Micronutrients on the other hand are chemical substances required in trace amounts for normal growth and development.
All athletes are looking for the edge, either something to make exercise easier for them, or perhaps to improve performance. One of the best ways to improve performance is to ensure you are getting the right balance of macro-nutrients to fuel the body.
All humans need adequate amounts of both macro and micro nutrients. Good quality carbohydrates and protein provide the energy and muscle repair after exercising. Also needed are lots of micro-nutrients like iron to prevent fatigue, as well as zinc, Vitamin C and Vitamins B to boost immunity. Plus omega-3 fatty acids to prevent inflammation from injury. Real food provides all of this and more.
Each of the major food nutrients play a role in the diet of athletes. There is more information about each of the nutrients:
- Carbohydrate — a collection of articles about the important role carbs and the athlete.
- Fats — an important food component for athletes, often overlooked.
- Protein — not only for building muscles.
Micronutrients - Vitamins & Minerals
- Iron — iron stores in the body are important for oxygen transport and utilization within the blood and muscle system during exercise.
- Calcium — keeping your bones strong.
- Vitamin D and Sports Performance
- All about Sports Nutrition
- Supplements for Athletes
- Supplements for Sport: What Works and What's Hype?
- Athletes Shouldn't Go Hungry — the types of foods consumed that can have an impact on energy levels
- About Protein for Athletes
- Nutrients important for health