There are two teams comprised of 8 each players each, 5 on the pitch and 3 substitutes. The objective is to score in the opposing team’s goal, which is suspended approximately two meters above the water. The ball can be thrown using the hands or a paddle can be used to pass between the players and also to shoot the goal. This sport can be played in swimming pools or any stretch of flat water.
The game lasts around 14 to 20 minutes. It consists of 7 to 10 minutes halved. The teams should change courts at half time; the half time is around 1 or 3 minutes.
Canoe polo starts with a sprint. The referee throws the ball to the middle of the pitch; one player from each team should sprint towards the ball to win possession.
- Kayak Football — participants in kayaks attempt to get a small soft football into the end zone.
- Surf Polo — water polo played in the water while riding surfboards.
- Beach Water Polo — an open water version of water polo played on a smaller field with four players per team.
- Water Polo — a team sport played in swimming pools, the aim is to pass the ball over the water and into the goal net.
- Inner Tube Water Polo — a variation of water polo that is played while sitting on inner tubes in a pool.
- Polo (Horse Polo) — a team sport played on horseback in which the objective is to hit a ball into a goal using a long-handled mallet.
- Kayaking — boat races using a small, narrow boat propelled using a double-bladed paddle.
- Canoeing — paddle sport in which the rider kneels or sits facing forward in a canoe.