Swedish Ling Gymnastics

The Swedish gymnastics method used no apparatus, consisting of calisthenics and exercises. There were demonstrations of Swedish gymnastics at least two times at the Olympic Games, predominantly as a large display at the main stadium. The group gymnastics exhibitions are similar to the large choreographed displays during the opening and closing ceremonies at more recent Olympic Games.

At the 1906 intercalated games in Athens, there were demonstrations of gymnastics by Danish, German and Swedish groups. See more about the demonstrations in 1906.

In 1948 at the London Games there was a demonstration of Ling Gymnastics events for both men and women, staged by the Svenska Gymnastikforbundet of Stockholm. This style of gymnastics was developed by Per Henrik Ling, considered the father of the Swedish Ling Gymnastics, and began in the early 1800s. The demonstration was by 200 female and 200 male gymnasts. See the Ling Gymnastics Video.

The Official Report of the XIV OLYMPIAD LONDON 1948 stated that "the gymnasts themselves not only gave of their services, but defrayed the cost of the journey to London out of their own pockets. They were treated as competitors, being issued with identity cards, commemorative medals, etc.". Two demonstration displays were given, one on August 7 immediately prior to the start of the Marathon and one on August 13 before the Football Final.

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