30 Yard Dash
Sprint or speed tests can be performed over varying distances, depending on the factors being tested and the relevance to the sport. The 30 Yard Dash is part of the SPARQ rating system for baseball, and their protocol is listed here. Baseball also commonly uses the 60 yard dash in testing.
- purpose: The aim of this test is to determine acceleration, and also a reliable indicator of speed, agility and quickness.
- equipment required: measuring tape or marked track, stopwatch or timing gates, cone markers, flat and clear surface of at least 50 yards.
- procedure: The test involves running a single maximum sprint over 30 yards, with the time recorded. A thorough warm up should be given, including some practice starts and accelerations. Start from a stationary position, in a base-stealing stance that is most familiar to you and that you think will yield the best time. The front foot must be on or behind the starting line. Shoulders should be perpendicular to the starting line. This starting position should be held for 2 seconds prior to starting, and no rocking movements are allowed. The tester should provide hints to maximizing speed and encouragement to continue running hard past the finish line.
- results: Two trials are allowed, and the best time is recorded to the nearest 2 decimal places. The timing starts from the first movement (if using a stopwatch) or when the timing system is triggered, and finishes when the chest crosses the finish line and/or the finishing timing gate is triggered.
- target population: baseball, fastpitch and other sports in which speed over that distance is important
- reliability: Reliability is greatly improved if timing gates are used. Also weather conditions and running surface can affect the results, and these conditions should be recorded with the results. If possible, set up the track with a crosswind to minimize the effect of wind.
- comments: 30 yards is 27.432 meters.
- general information about Sprint or Speed Testing
- training for speed
- videos of Speed Testing
- the SPARQ rating system for baseball
- about the SPARQ rating system
- warming up for sprint testing
- other anaerobic tests and about anaerobic testing
- All about timing gates
- Sprint Test Results
- World Records for Speed tests