Flexed-Arm Hang Test
The flexed-arm hang test measures upper body strength and endurance. This following describes the procedures as used in the President's Challenge Fitness Awards and FitnessGram. See also the flexed arm hang test used for the Marines and the flexed arm hang used for the International Physical Fitness Test.
- purpose: to measure upper body strength and endurance by timing how long they can hang with the chin above the bar.
- equipment required: Stopwatch, Horizontal overhead bar at an adequate height, stool (optional).
- procedure: Grasp the overhead bar. The grip for the President's Challenge allows using either an overhand grip (palms facing away from body) or underhand grip (palms facing toward body), while for FitnessGram the overhand grip is required. Position the body with the armed flexed and the chin clearing the bar. The chest should be held close to bar with legs hanging straight. The subjects should be assisted to this position. The subject holds this position for as long as possible. Only one trial is required.
- scoring: The total time in seconds is recorded - timing is stopped when student's chin touches or falls below the bar. The type of grip used should also be recorded with the results.
- variations: three other procedures for the flexed-arm hang are described on this site, the flexed arm hang test from the International Physical Fitness Test, the Eurofit Bent Arm Hang and also the flexed arm hang test used for the Marines
- advantages: the equipment is readily available, and the test is easy and quick to perform.
- disadvantages: The body weight of the subject has a great effect on the results of this test. A better test of upper body strength in which body weight is not as important is the push up test.
- other comments: Rather than doing a pull-up to start, lift the participant to the starting position. This decreases any extra exertion and may possibly increase the length of time. When repeating the test, ensure that the same grip technique is used each time.