Anthropometry for Cycling

Anthropometry (measuring body size and composition) is an important component of fitness for cyclists, no matter what discipline they are involved with. Event though the body weight is supported by the bike, a low body mass ratio is an advantage for hill climbing. Bike mechanics is also affected by body size and limb lengths.

There are many tests that are appropriate for all cyclists, such as:

Anthropometry and Olympic Athletes

Here is some information from the analysis of the anthropometric data (height, weight and age) from the cycling participants at the London 2012 Olympic Games. Mountain bike cyclists on average significantly smaller than the other disciplines, and much lighter too, an advantage when hill climbing. The BMX riders were the heaviest, a reflection of the higher muscle mass for power production.

Sport Age Height (cm) Weight (kg) BMI
OVERALL AVERAGE (all sports) 26.1 176.9 72.8 23.3
Cycling - BMX (all) 23.5 176.1 77.6 24.9
Cycling - BMX (females) 23.0 165.7 65.5 23.8
Cycling - BMX (males) 23.7 180.7 83.1 25.4
Cycling - Mountain Bike (all) 27.9 173.6 62.4 20.6
Cycling - Mountain Bike (females) 27.9 166.3 54.0 19.5
Cycling - Mountain Bike (males) 28.0 178.2 67.7 21.3
Cycling - Road (all) 28.3 176.7 66.8 21.3
Cycling - Road (females) 28.0 167.6 57.3 20.4
Cycling - Road (males) 28.4 180.5 70.8 21.7
Cycling - Track (all) 25.2 175.7 72.3 23.3
Cycling - Track (females) 25.4 169.2 63.8 22.3
Cycling - Track (males) 25.1 180.6 78.6 24.1

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