Encyclopedia of Sport: Every sport from around the world

Olympic Weightlifting

Weightlifting or Olympic weightlifting is a sport in the modern Olympic games. The competitors, called weightlifters, attempt to lift weights mounted on barbells above their heads. The barbells used in competitions are loaded with one-kilogram increments.

Modern weightlifting was developed in Europe in the 19th century. The organization handling the sport is the International Weightlifting Federation.

It is a sport for both wen and women. There men's division is divided into eight classes: 56 kg, 62kg, 69kg, 77kg, 85 kg, 94kg, 105 kg, and over 105kg. The women's division is divided into seven classes, 48kg, 53kg, 58kg, 63kg, 69kg, 75kg, and over 75kg.

the snatch exercisethe snatch exercise

The competitors compete into two lifts: the snatch and the clean and jerk. On the snatch, the barbell is lifted from the floor up over the head in a single movement. In the clean and jerk, the competitors lift in two stages. In the first stage, the barbell is picked from the floor, and they pause when it reaches the shoulders. In the 2nd stage, the competitor lifts the barbell over the head.

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