This small island country located in the Indian Ocean has been in the Olympics since 1964. The Comité Olympique Malgache, Madagascar's National Olympic Committee sent three athletes to represent them in the Summer Games held in Tokyo, Japan (competing under the banner of French Madagascar).
Since then, Madagascar has been in most of the Summer Games missing only the 1976 and 1988 Games. After decades of participating in the Olympic Games, Madagascar is yet to win their first-ever Olympic medal. The closest that a Malagasy Olympian has come to winning an Olympic medal was in sprinter Jean-Louis Ravelomanantsoa, who reached the final of the men's 100 metres in the 1968 Summer Olympics, finishing eighth.
However, Madagascar does have one remarkable record under their belt. They are one of the very few island nations that have competed in the Winter Games. They made their debut in 2006 when they sent a sole representative, alpine skier Mathieu Razanakolona who represented them in men's giant slalom and men's slalom.