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Sambo is a form of Russian martial arts that is utilized for self-defense, physical fitness, and competitions. It is an acronym for SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya which means “self-defense without weapons”. This sport is known for three moves: ground control skills, takedowns, and leg locks. The very goal of this martial art is to end the fight quickly.

This martial art was founded by Vasili Oshchepkov who was a Karate and Judo trainer for Russia’s elite Red Army and Victor Spiridonov who had an extensive training in Greco-Roman and other styles of wrestling. Although both were working independently, eventually, their styles were combined and thus SAMBO was created.

Sambo is basically a combination of the most effective different martial art styles. It became an official sport in 1938 with the help of USSR All-Union Sports Committee.

There are 5 different styles of Sambo. They are the following:


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