Encyclopedia of Sport: Every sport from around the world

Karate

Karate is a type of martial art, which was developed in Japan, particularly in the Ryuku Islands, which is now known as Okinawa. It was influenced by Chinese martial arts, particularly Fujian White Crane.

Karate uses punching, kicking, knee strikes, elbow strikes, and some open-hand techniques like knife-hands, spear-hands, and palm-heel strikes. A person who practices karate is called karateka. Karate can be done as an art, a combat sport, or for self-defense. The training for karate is divided into basic or fundamentals, forms, and sparring.

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There were no competitions for Karate before World War II. Now, the competitions for karate is divided into style organizations. Some of these organizations are AAKF, AOK, TKL, AKA, WKF, NWUKO, WUKFC, and WKC. The organizations organize competitions from local to international level. The tournaments are created to match the members of opposing styles or schools. Some of these competitions are separated by age, rank, and gender. There are different rules for these categories.

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Sport Extra

Check out our Encyclopedia of Every Sport. Well not every sport, as there is a list of unusual sports, extinct sports and newly created sports. How to get on these lists? See What is a sport?

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