Jujutsu, commonly also written as Jiu-Jitsu, is a martial art developed in Japan. This is a type of combat in which you defeat an armed opponent without using any weapons. Ju means gentle, soft, supple, flexible, pliable, or yielding. Jutsu means art or technique.
There are many types of jujutsu that are competed as a sport. One type is known as the JJIF Rules Sport Ju-Jitsu. This is organized by the Ju-Jitsu International Federation, and is also part of the World Games.
There are three variants of jujutsu as a sport:
- Duo or self-defense demonstration, where both the attacker and the defender come from the same team and demonstrate self-defense techniques.
- Fighting system or freefighting, in which the participants combine striking, grappling and submissions under safe rules.
- Japanese/Ne Waza (grappling) system, in which the participants start standing up and they work for a submission. Striking is not allowed in this type.
- Brazilian Jiu-jitsu — a combat sport from Brazil based on ground fighting and submission holds, developed from judo and jujutsu.
- Judo — the objective is to throw or takedown the opposing player to the ground.
- Aikido — Shodokan Aikido (also called Sport Aikido) is the Aikido style that is used for competitions.
- Sambo — a martial art developed for Russia's military and police force in the 1930s. The term translates as "self-defense without weapons".
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