Encyclopedia of Sport: Every sport from around the world


Gymnastics is an event in the Olympics which involves physical strength, power, agility, flexibility, grace, control, coordination, and balance. The word gymnastics comes from the Greek word gymnons which means naked, but it generally means to train and exercise.

Competitive artistic gymnastics is the most popular gymnastic events. Most of the gymnastics events involve women’s events like the uneven bars, balance beam, floor exercise, and vault. There are also men’s events like the floor exercise, pommel horse, still rings, vault, parallel bars, and the high bar.

Other types of gymnastics are rhythmic gymnastics, aesthetic group gymnastics, trampolining and tumbling, acrobatic gymnastics, and aerobic gymnastics. Some of the former gymnastic events include: rope, rope climb, and flying rings.

This sport can be joined by children up to adults. In gymnastic competitions, all participants begin with the same scores. Deductions are made when they fail to execute a move. Gymnastics is governed by the Federation Internationale de Gymnastique.

Gymnastics Disciplines and Events

Related Pages