Aesthetic Group Gymnastics (or AGG) is a team sport where a large group of gymnasts perform coordinated continuous movements, that test elements like speed, strength, flexibility, and balance. The sport originated in Finland, where it continues to remain as a popular sport with several competitions throughout the year.
Competitions are conducted on a floor of size 13 m x 13 m. Each team is allowed a minimum of six and maximum of 12 gymnasts. Each routine should be between 2:15 and 2:45 minutes. Several movements like body waves, swings, balances, pivots, jumps, leaps, dance moves, and lifts are performed. Teams are required to perform certain required moves as a part of each routine beyond which they are given the liberty to explore their creativity.
The routines are judged based on three aspects, technical merit, artistic display, and execution. For technical merit, the routine is judged on the difficulty of the required movements, balance, and jumps. Artistic display judges the routine for rhythm, musical interpretation, display of figures and creativity. Execution looks for coordination, uniformity, and simultaneity of the routines. Points are awarded to each team based on the three aspects. The team with the most points at the end of the event is declared as the winner.
Group Gymnastics is currently not a part of the Olympics but is a part of the annual World Championships event, organized since 2000 by the International Federation of Aesthetic Group Gymnastics (IFAAG).
- Rhythmic Gymnastics — uses the elements of ballet, gymnastics, dance, and apparatus manipulation.
- Acrobatic Gymnastics — team of gymnasts work together to perform acrobatic moves in combination with dance moves.
- Sport Aerobics — the objective is to perform high-intensity gymnastic moves in sync with background music. Also called Aerobic Gymnastics.
- Floor Gymnastics — gymnasts perform a tumbling and dance routine on a floor space.
- Mallakhamba — a traditional Indian sport, where athletes perform various types of gymnastics moves and hold various poses on a vertical wooden pole or a rope.
- Tumbling — a gymnatics event involving tumbling along a mat performing flips, rolls, jumps, performing somersaults and handsprings.
- Calisthenics — a competitive team sport in which athletes perform elements of rhythmic gymnastics and ballet.
- Cheerleading — a dubious sport in which groups of cheerleaders do routines that are subjectively assessed.
- More about the Sport of Gymnastics