Encyclopedia of Sport: Every sport from around the world


Breakdancing, also known as Bboying, originated in the 1970s among Latino and African-American inner-city youth in New York City. It grew as rap and hip-hop music became more popular, and is considered an integral part of the hip-hop culture. Breakdancing has since spread around the world.

Breakdancing features four main types of movement – toprock, downrock, power moves and freezes. Toprock generally refers to foot movements performed from a standing position, while downrock relates to floor-based moves performed with the body supported on the hands and feet. Freezes involve dancers holding a certain position, and power moves feature more acrobatic elements that are often the main element of routines.

Dance sport in the form of breakdancing will be part of the sporting program at the Youth Olympic Games in 2018. It will be competed in a battle format, in competitions for men, women and mixed team.

Battle format is a one-on-one competition that sees athletes take it in turn to perform before being judged and scored. The winner then progresses to the next round of the knockout competition.

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