Boxing is a combat sport where two fighters wearing padded gloves compete against each other using their fists to strike each other. The objective of the sport is to knock out the opponent or to score more points than the opponent. Here are some of the basic rules of boxing. There are many other intricacies and variations in the sport, including different styles of fighting and specialized techniques.
- Ring: Boxing matches are held in a boxing ring. The ring is actually a square platform with a raised edge and is usually 16 to 20 feet in size. The corners of the ring are designated as neutral corners, where fighters retreat during breaks.
- Weight Classes: Boxers are divided into weight classes to ensure fairness and safety in competition. There are currently 17 weight classes recognized in professional boxing, ranging from minimum weight to heavyweight.
- Essential Rules and Regulations: Boxers must wear gloves, a mouthguard, and protective headgear during amateur bouts. Professional boxers do not wear headgear. Boxers are also prohibited from holding, hitting below the belt, or hitting with the head, elbow, or forearm.
- Rounds: A boxing match consists of three-minute rounds, with a one-minute rest period between rounds. The number of rounds can vary depending on the level of competition and the sanctioning body.
- Referee: A referee is present in the ring to ensure that the boxers follow the rules and regulations. The referee can stop the fight if a boxer is in danger or is unable to defend themselves.
- Scoring: Boxing matches are scored by judges at ringside, based on the number of clean punches landed on the opponent. Points are deducted for rule violations, such as hitting below the belt, hitting after the bell, or head-butting.
- Knockouts: A knockout occurs when a fighter is unable to continue after being knocked down by their opponent. The referee may also stop the fight if one fighter is significantly ahead on points or if a fighter is injured.
- Knockdowns: A knockdown occurs when a boxer is knocked down by their opponent, touching the canvas with any part of their body other than their feet. The fighter has a count of ten seconds to stand back up and continue the fight.