Baseball is a bat and ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The object of the game is to score runs by hitting a ball with a bat and running around four bases in a diamond-shaped field.
Below are the basic rules for baseball for those who are not familiar with the game. There are many other intricacies and variations in the sport, including different types of pitches, strategic plays, and rules specific to professional and amateur leagues. There are often rules changes to keep pace with the modern game.
Baseball is played on a diamond-shaped field, with a base at each corner. The field is divided into two main sections: the infield and the outfield. The infield contains the bases and is where most of the action takes place. The outfield is where the ball is hit and where the defensive players attempt to catch the ball.
Each baseball team consists of nine players, and each team takes turns playing offense and defense. The game begins with a player from the defensive team, known as the pitcher, throwing the ball to a player from the offensive team, known as the batter. The batter's objective is to hit the ball into play.
The pitcher stands on the pitcher's mound, and throws the ball to the batter, who is standing at the home plate. The batter attempts to hit the ball to a part of the field where the fielders cannot reach it.
If the batter hits the ball into fair territory, he or she runs to first base. If the ball is caught by a fielder, the batter is out. If the ball is hit out of the playing field, it is a home run.
After hitting the ball, the batter then runs to first base, then on to second, third and home, or as many as he can reach before the fielder returns the ball. If the batter reaches all bases and back home, he scores a run. If the batter reaches a base, and cannot continue as the ball has been returned, he can safely stay at the base and continue his run when the next batter comes to bat.
A batter is out if the fielder touches first base with the ball before the batter reaches it, or if the fielder touches the batter with the ball between bases, or if the fielder catches the ball before it lands. The batter is also out if he swings and misses three times, which is called a strike out.
When three players are out, the team's innings is over, and the opposing team has a turn at batting. Each team plays nine innings. The team with the most runs at the end of the game is the winner.
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