Fitness Components for Athletics (Jumps)

A high level of skill and fitness is required for success in track and field events, though the fitness demands can vary quiet a bit between events. This article is based on information about the fitness demands of the long jump, which can easily be applied to any of the jump events.

A long jumper requires great speed and power, flexibility and balance. However, which of these are more important? Below is a discussion about the fitness requirements for the jumps, which can help with developing training programs for athletes, and for interpreting fitness testing results and determining the relative strengths and weaknesses of an athlete.

You Need to be Quick and Powerful

We have a poll about the component of fitness most important for success for long jump. Out of the options of Body Size and Composition, Muscle Strength, Muscular Endurance, Power, Speed / Quickness, Agility, Flexibility, Balance and Coordination, and Cardiovascular Endurance, the factors which are considered most important by the readers of this site are Power and Speed / Quickness. You can add your vote too.

long jumplong jumper

Technique is most important?

In a similar poll, we have asked people to rate the 12 factors of success for sports. Visitors to this site have rated each of these factors for long jumping, and the most important according to them is technique. Good jump technique is essential to maximize performance, and make the most of Strength & Power, Speed / Quickness, Agility, which are also rated highly. You can also add your ratings of Which Factors Make Successful Long Jumpers, and see the latest results.

Most Important Factors for Success in Order of Importance (data from 2018)

  1. Skill and Technique
  2. Motivation & Self Confidence
  3. Strength & Power, Speed / Quickness, Agility
  4. Flexibility, Coping with Pressure Situations
  5. Analytic & Tactical Ability
  6. Aerobic Endurance, Balance & Coordination, Reaction Time
  7. Body Size and Composition

Are You an Expert?

I have found that asking all site visitors for their opinion, while it is interesting, does not always lead to accurate results. We want to know what the experts think. If you consider yourself an expert in Athletics, go here to add your opinion.


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