The Indonesian Olympic Committee, the governing body in Indonesia for anything related to the Olympic Games was established in 1946 but was not officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee until 1952. That same year, Indonesia made their Olympic debut with a three-athlete delegation.
Indonesia went on to attend the next two Summer Olympiads and then miss the 1964 Summer Games held in Tokyo, Japan due to Indonesia's establishment of the Games of the New Emerging Forces (GANEFO) as a form of revolt from the IOC's suspension of the Indonesian Olympic Committee from the international organization.
They then came back in 1968 and participated in almost all of the Summer Games except when they supported the US-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow. Indonesia had to wait until 1988 however before they had their first taste of Olympic honors. Their national women's archery team of Kusuma Wardhani, Lilies Handayani and Nurfitriyana Saiman won the silver in Seoul, South Korea. In 1922, they had their first taste of Olympic gold when badminton players Alan Budikusuma and Susi Susanti each won gold in the men's and women's singles competition respectively. From that point on, Indonesian athletes have consistently performed in their respective sports raking in medals after medals.
Despite their recent successes in the Summer Olympics, no Indonesian athlete has ever competed in the Winter Olympics.