The 1938 British Empire Games (as the Commonwealth Games were known as at the time) were held in Sydney, held between 5-12 February 1938.
Seven sports were featured in the Sydney Games – track and field, boxing, cycling, lawn bowls, rowing, swimming and diving, and wrestling.
- This was the first time the Games were held in the southern hemisphere.
- The famous Sydney Cricket Ground hosted the opening ceremony in front of 40,000 spectators.
- Fifteen nations participated, involving a total of 466 athletes and 43 officials. New participants included Fiji and Ceylon.
- In 1938 athletes from England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland took four months to travel to the Empire Games in Sydney – three months of which were spent on a boat. Twice a week they would stop at a port to allow the athletes to train.
- Australia's Decima Norman’s winning performances in Athletics at the 1938 Games - 1st in all events in which she competed, winning 5 Gold medals (100 yards, 220 yards, Broad Jump, 440 yards Medley Relay; 660 yards Medley Relay.
The following list includes the first four ranked teams. The ranking list for all years is available here.