Shot Put Back Throw
This test involves throwing an 8 pound shot put for maximum distance. The Back Throw Test is one of the tests used in the International Physical Fitness Test.
- aim: This test measures core body strength and total body power.
- equipment required: 8 lb shot put, tape measure, clear open area for testing.
- procedure: The athlete starts with his back to the throwing area, with their heels at the start line, and the shot cradled in both hands between the knees. The subject bends forward and downward before throwing the shot backwards over their head in a two-handed throwing action (optimally at about 45 degrees). Several practices may be required to get the best trajectory for maximum distance.
- scoring: Measurement is made from the starting line to the point of impact of the shot put with the ground. The measurement is recorded in meters and centimeters. The best result of two trials is recorded.
- target population: sports in which total body power is important.
- advantages: this test is easy and quick to perform for each individual, with the equipment readily available in most sports departments.
- disadvantages: several people are needed to conduct this test smoothly: one to mark results, another to check technique and another to collect and return the balls. If testing a large group of subjects, it can be time consuming to put all of them through this test.
- comments: The angle the ball is thrown is important. You may want to explain to the subject about the optimal angle for maximal distance, and to allow some practice attempts.