Pinch Strength Test

The purpose of this test is to measure the maximum isometric strength of the hand and forearm muscles when doing a pinching action. It is similar to the handgrip strength test, but testing the pinching strength of the fingers. The pinch strength test is not to be confused with the similarly called skinfold pinch test.

Norm Table for Tip-to-Tip Pinch or 2-Point Pinch (measured in pounds)

Age Hand Mean Mean
20-24 R 18.0 23.0
L 17.0 33.0
25-29 R 18.3 34.0
L 17.5 36.0
30-34 R 17.6 25.0
L 17.6 27.0
35-39 R 18.0 27.0
L 17.7 24.0
40-44 R 17.8 25.0
L 17.7 25.0
45-49 R 18.7 30.0
L 17.6 28.0
50-54 R 18.3 24.0
L 17.8 26.0
55-59 R 16.6 24.0
L 15.0 26.0
60-64 R 15.8 22.0
L 15.3 23.0
65-69 R 17.0 27.0
L 15.4 21.0
70-74 R 13.8 21.0
L 13.3 21.0
75+ R 14.0 21.0
L 13.9 25.0

Norm Table for Lateral or Key Pinch (measured in pounds)

Age Hand Males Females
20-24 R 26.0 17.6
L 24.8 16.2
25-29 R 26.7 17.7
L 25.0 16.6
30-34 R 26.4 18.7
L 26.2 17.8
35-39 R 26.1 16.6
L 25.6 16.0
40--44 R 25.6 16.7
L 25.1 15.8
45-49 R 25.8 17.6
L 24.8 16.6
50-54 R 26.7 16.7
L 26.1 16.1
55-59 R 24.2 15.7
L 23.0 14.7
60-64 R 23.2 15.5
L 22.2 14.1
65--69 R 23.4 15.0
L 22.0 14.3
70-74 R 19.3 14.5
L 19.2 13.8
75+ R 20.5 12.6
L 19.1 11.4

Norm Table for Palmar Pinch or 3-Point Pinch (measured in pounds)

Age Hand Mean Mean
20-24 R 26.6 17.2
L 25.7 16.3
25-29 R 26.0 17.7
L 25.1 17.0
30-34 R 24.7 19.3
L 25.4 18.1
35-39 R 26.2 17.5
L 25.9 17.1
40-44 It 24.5 17.0
L 24.8 16.6
45-49 R 24.0 17.9
L 23.7 17.5
50-54 R 23.8 17.3
L 24.0 16.4
55-59 R 23.7 16.0
L 21.3 15.4
60-64 R 21.8 14.8
L 21.2 14.3
65-69 R 21.4 14.2
L 21.2 13.7
70-74 R 18.1 14.4
L 18.8 14.0
75+ R 18.7 12.0
L 18.3 11.5

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