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Gender Verification Testing

Gender testing is the process of determining if a person is a male or a female. This can be done on unborn babies to determine the sex of your child. In the context of sports, gender tests are conducted to determine the sex of an athlete, as there have been cases of males competing as females, and thus having an unfair advantage. The person is not always aware that they are biologically and physiologically male.

equipment required: There are many different possible procedures for gender testing, requiring specific and specialist knowledge and equipment.

procedure: Sex determination tests typically involve evaluation by gynecologists, endocrinologists, psychologists, and internal medicine specialists. On a simple level, the athlete may be evaluated from their external appearances by experts. They may also undergo blood tests to examine their sex hormones, genes and chromosomes.

comments: gender verification procedures are often complex, expensive, degrading and not always accurate. Chromosome testing is not as simple as it may sound. Women usually have two X chromosomes; men an X and a Y chromosome, though other combinations are possible (known generally as "intersex" condition), and may not result in a clear male or female.

bleep or beep test diagram

history: Gender Testing began at the 1966 European Track & Field Championships, due to suspicion that several of the best women athletes from USSR and Eastern European countries were really men. It was first introduced at the Olympics in 1968, for the Winter Games in Grenoble. However, after years of controversies, compulsory gender testing at the Olympics was officially stopped in 1999. Read more about gender testing at the Olympic Games.

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