What is It?
The Anaerobic Threshold (AT) is the physiological point during exercise at which lactic acid starts to accumulate in the muscles, which occurs around the point during increasing intensity exercise that anaerobic processes become more dominant. For this reason it is also sometimes called the Lactate Threshold (LT). Other names describe a similar point, such as the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) and maximal lactate steady state. Although these terms are often used interchangeably with anaerobic threshold, they are not technically the same thing.
Anaerobic Threshold Testing
There are several possible ways to measure anaerobic threshold, some more simple than others.
- Formula — well-trained athletes may use as a rule of thumb "210 minus their age" to indicate anaerobic threshold. Another formula is 85-90% of maximum heart rate (220-age), which usually gives a lower value. Either method provides a very rough estimate, and one of the following methods would be more reliable.
- Steady-State Heart Rate — a good approximation of the anaerobic threshold is the mean heart rate during a long duration race (e.g. 10km run, 30km cycle).
- Graded Exercise Test with Blood Lactate Measures — requires taking blood samples during exercise and measuring blood lactate levels at a range of intensities, and plotting the lactate and intensity to determine the point of deflection/rise.
- A simple version of this is the Mader Test, which determines the speed at which the blood lactate level reaches 4 mmol·L-1.
- Conconi Test — a somewhat criticized test using a similar graded exercise test measuring only heart rate, and determining a deflection point on the heart rate / workload graph.
- Critical Swim Speed — determining the theoretical swimming speed that can be maintained continuously without exhaustion.
- I am P.G. student of Cardio-Respiratory Physiotherapy ... I have read about anaerobic threshold ... Now I also assess myself with conconi test.. I plot the graph heart rate against time ... with this method my threshold is 152 bpm ... Now I want to know is there any 'normal standard range' for athlete and non athlete population? As have calculate it now I want to know that is it within normal or below or above normal range ... (from Bhushan D. Vichare, Aug 2012)