Sumo wrestling is a contact sport, contested between two wrestlers within a circular ring. The objective for either of the wrestler is, to push the other out of the ring, or force the other onto the ground.
Before each bout, wrestlers spend several minutes on warm ups, by extending their arms, squatting and stomping. At the start, wrestlers jump out of a crouching position with both fists touching the ring, to begin the match. During the course of the match, wrestlers use several techniques like pushing, lifting, tripping or slapping to get an edge over their opponents. Most sumo matches last only for a few seconds with some extending to a few minutes.
Sumo originated in Japan as a modern version of Japanese martial arts over two centuries ago. Though a few countries have amateur competitions, professional sumo competitions are conducted only in Japan.
The Japanese professional circuit consists of six divisions in a hierarchical order, where wrestlers are assigned to each division based on their rankings. The highest ranked wrestlers are assigned to the top division, and the subsequently wrestlers are assigned to the next lower divisions. Every year, six Grand Sumo Tournaments are conducted, in which wrestlers from all six divisions compete with other wrestlers within their division. For each division, the wrestler with the most wins at the end of the tournament is declared the winner of the tournament for that division.
- Judo — another type of Japanese wrestling, where the objective is to throw or takedown the opposing player to the ground.
- Belt Wrestling — the aim is to knock down the opponent by grappling with their belt.
- Sumo demonstrations at the Olympics
- About Types of Wrestling
- Complete list of sports
- The Encyclopedia of Sports
- Sport in Japan