Kurash (Kouryash) is a sport of the folk wrestling discipline, primarily practiced in the regions of Central Asia. The objective of the sport is to grab hold of the opponent by the towel around their waist, and throw them on to the ground on their back.
A match starts with a both fighters in a salutation position called Tazim. There are three ways in which points can be scored:
- Halal - The act of throwing down the opponent on his back with full speed and control. A player who forces a halal directly wins the match.
- Yambosh - A throw that is that is not completely a halal, but is close, is called a yambosh. Two yamboshes counts as a halal.
- Chala - Throws that are close to yambosh are called chala. They are independent moves, and no number of chalas count as a yambosh or halal.
Penalties are imposed on moves that violate the rules. A maximum of two penalties (Tambik and Dakk) are allowed, and the third penalty (Girrom) results in a disqualification. At the end of a match, the wrestler with the most number of points is the winner.
A world championship conducted for kurash as part of FILA World Wrestling Games is the only major event for the sport.
- Belt Wrestling — the aim is to knock down the opponent by grappling with their belt.
- Pehlwani — a form of wrestling from South Asia. A win is achieved by pinning the opponent's shoulders and hips to the ground simultaneously.
- Boli Khela — a form of wrestling that is practiced in Bangladesh and India.
- Vajra-mushti — a form of Indian wrestling in which a knuckleduster-like weapon called the Vajra-mushti is employed.
- Mongolian Wrestling — a folk wrestling style from the Mongolian region, in which the aim is to get your opponent to touch his upper body, knee or elbow to the ground.
- Kurash made its debut at the 2018 Asian Games
- About Types of Wrestling
- Complete list of sports
- The Encyclopedia of Sports