Encyclopedia of Sport: Every sport from around the world

Sailing

Sailing is a sport that involves moving a boat by using the power of the wind. This sport first started in Holland, Netherlands. King Charles II brought the sport with him to England after his exile in the mid-1600s. From there, the sport spread to other parts of the world. Nowadays, this sport is celebrated as a recreational and social activity. Starting in 1851, large competitions have been held to showcase the best sailors in the world. The USA won the America’s Cup from 1851 to 1983.  After that, Australia, New Zealand, and Switzerland have been bringing home the crown.

 

There are many boat types used for sailing, from large yachts to dinghy racing.

There are different types of races; fleet racing, team racing, and match racing. Fleet racing include at least four boats. Some of these events include hundreds of participants. Match racing includes two boats competing against each other and the fastest one wins. Team racing involves two teams which have three boats each. It’s a 3-on-3 game and it’s very similar to match racing.

Scoring systems depend on the event (Olympics or America’s Cup). The widely celebrated format for races include short course, coastal or inshore, offshore, and oceanic.

Sailing raceSailing race

Nowadays, competitions are still held worldwide to showcase the best sailors in the world. Major events that involving sailing are the Olympics, Mug Race, and Cowes Week.

As the years go by, sailing has become very interesting. With the development of technology, boats have become more advanced. But definitely, simpler boats with backward technology have never left the scene.

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Check out our Encyclopedia of Every Sport. Well not every sport, as there is a list of unusual sports, extinct sports and newly created sports. How to get on these lists? See What is a sport?

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