Mountaineering describes the sport of mountain climbing. This sport is all about challenge and perseverance. This is about putting both hands and feet onto rocks or ice to reach the summit.
The goal is to reach high points of mountain regions. Mountaineering can also be called alpinism. This sport is not only climbing mountains using ice axe, crampons, cams, and ropes, but it is also about hiking steep rocky slopes, talus fields and airy ridges.
Mountaineering as a sport was developed in the United Kingdom in the 1850’s. The first mountaineering club, the Alpine Club, was founded in 1857. Most mountaineering challenges are held on, Colorado’s Fourteeners, Washington’s Mount Rainer, New York’s Adirondack Mountains, Virginia’s Shenandoah National Park, Mount Koscuizko, and Mount Kilimanjaro.
The climbers must be knowledgeable about rocks and ice climbing techniques. Mountaineering is mostly a group activity. Each member should support the group’s achievement at every stage.
- Sport Climbing — rock climbing competitions, can be Lead Climbing, Speed Climbing or Bouldering.
- Ski Mountaineering — the objective is to climb up a mountain wearing skis, occasionally carrying if required, and then descend on the skis.
- Ice Climbing — athletes climb vertical ice formations with the use of ropes and other protective gear.