Here are the basic pieces of equipment needed for American football. The actual equipment needed may vary depending on the level of play, the position of the player, and the rules of the league or organization.
- Football Field: The dimensions of a regulation football field are: 360 feet long and 160 feet wide.
- The goalposts: The goal post comprises two large poles at 5.6 meters apart. The crossbar joining the two poles is at 3 meters above the ground.
- Helmet: A protective headgear that covers the player's skull and has a face mask to protect the face.
- Shoulder Pads: Padded armor that protects the player's shoulders, chest, and back.
- Jersey: A shirt worn by the player, usually made of moisture-wicking material.
- Pants: Padded pants with integrated girdle to protect the player's hips, thighs, and tailbone.
- Mouthguard: A protective device that fits in the player's mouth to protect their teeth, tongue, and lips.
- Cleats: Shoes with spikes on the soles that provide traction on the turf or grass.
- Football: An oval-shaped ball used to play the game.
- Gloves: Optional padded gloves that protect the hands and provide a better grip on the ball.
- Protective Cup: A device worn by male players to protect the groin area.
- Whistle: Used by the referee to signal the start and end of play and to indicate penalties and other infractions.
- Penalty Flag: Thrown by the referee to indicate a penalty or infraction.
- Down Indicator: A device used to keep track of the number of downs a team has.
- Chain Set: A set of poles and chains used to measure the distance a team needs to gain for a first down.
- Kicking Tee: A device used to hold the ball steady for kickoffs, field goals, and extra points.
Any comments, suggestions, or corrections? Please let us know.