Bohemia was an autonomous part of Austria-Hungary until 1918, and first competed at the Olympic Games in 1900, then again in 1908 and 1912. Bohemian athletes have competed in many more Olympic Games, though after World War I, Bohemia became part of the new Czechoslovakia and Bohemian athletes competed for Czechoslovakia. Later, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993 into Czechia and Slovakia, Bohemian athletes competed for Czechia at the Olympics.
- Bohemian athlete Hedwiga Rosenbaumová won a bronze medal with Archibald Warden of Great Britain in the mixed doubles tennis at the 1900 Olympics. In such cases the medals are not split between Bohemia and Great Britain, but attributed to a mixed team.
- The best performance by an athlete from Bohemia was a silver medal by František Janda-Suk in the men's discus throw in 1900.
- About Czechoslovakia at the Olympics.
- About Czechia at the Olympics.
- About Slovakia at the Olympics.
- List of all countries that have participated at the Olympic Games.
- About sport in Czechia