Wheelchair Racing

Wheelchair racing is a type of racing in which athletes with physical disabilities compete with the help of a wheelchair. The sport evolved out of rehabilitation process used for disabled war veterans. Wheelchair racing is currently a major part of the Summer Paralympics.

There are several classifications of athletes based on the level of their disabilities. The classifications are based on, spinal cord injury, amputee, or cerebral palsy. Class T51 - T58 is for amputees or athletes with a spinal cord injury. T51 – T54 are for disabled athletes competing in track events, and T55 – T58 are for athletes competing in field events. Athletes with cerebral palsy are classified as T32- T38. Separate races are conducted for athletes in each class.

The wheelchairs used are specially designed for racing purpose and has a lot of specifications around it.

Races are conducted on both tracks and road courses. Similar to running races, wheelchair racing races are also of various distances. Short distance sprint races for 100m, 200m and 400m, middle distance races for 800m and 1500m, and long distance races for 5K and 10K are all conducted. Track and field wheelchair racing also includes the 4 x 100m and 4 x 400m relay races. There are also several wheelchair marathon races conducted.

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