Dr. Hans Kraus and Dr. Sonja Weber developed the Kraus-Weber Minimum Test in the 1950's. The six-item medical fitness test measures the strength and flexibility of key postural (core) muscles. The test consists of five strength challenges and one general flexibility procedure. The Kraus-Weber Tests do not require sophisticated equipment and are easy to administer.
These tests are graded on a pass-fail basis. Being unable to perform even one of the six exercises qualifies as failing the test. A variation of the scoring method enables partial movements on each test scored from 0 to 10.
- Strength of Abdominal and Psoas Muscles
- Strength of Abdominal Minus Psoas Muscles —
- Strength of Psoas and Lower Abdominal Muscles —
- Strength of Upper Back Muscles
- Strength of Lower Back Muscles
- Floor Touch Test
The Kraus-Weber Physical Fitness Report in 1955, based on the results of testing using these tests, led to the development of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports and the President's Challenge program.
- Kraus H, Hirschland R. Minimum muscular fitness of the school children. Research Quarterly 1954; 25: 178-188.
- Kraus H, Hirschland R. Muscular fitness tests and health. J Health Physical Education and Recreation 1953; 24: 17.
- More about Fitness Testing Children.
- About the President's Challenge
- About Fitness Testing Awards
- Poll: What age is appropriate to start fitness testing children?