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The new sport called Boluta was created by Nguyễn Sơn Long from Vietnam in August 2016.

So many diseases are related to inactivity and lack of exercises in every society nowadays. There's a need to develop, introduce and encourage sports in the public. This sport combines the pros of others, while avoiding the cons at the same time.

Boluta is a scientific sport, having the potential to spread all around the world. As the sport is in its very early stage, with incomplete set of rules, we count on you to propagate Boluta to professionals, institutions and households in the process of perfecting it, in order to make it truly a sport of the people, by the people and for the people.

Equipment Required: Tennis ball, badminton net

Sport Description

Court and ball

Using the badminton court, with measures as in the picture. The net height is 1.82m (with a slack in the center of no more than 3cm) for professionals, and 1.55m for amateurs. The competing ball is the tennis ball.

Singles play area is the 'smaller square' (net line - singles side line - long service line for doubles - singles side line) plus 3p area, as described later. Doubles play area is the 'bigger square' (net line - doubles side line - back boundary line - doubles side line).

boluta court

On each side of the court there are a 2-point area ('critical') and a 3-point area ('sudden'). The 3p area means that if it's hit by the ball (1st or 2nd bounce) and the player can't throw it back, then the opposition wins that particular game. Each 3p area is chosen by the player on the opposite side, among the two rectangles on the farthest parts of the court. Before a match starts, there will be a coin flipping procedure. The coin winner has the right to choose the opponent's 3p area first or last. The loser retains the choice of which side to serve first.

How to play

  1. Each player uses his/her hands (or whatever part of his body) to throw the ball into the competitor's court. If one fails to do that, or is unable to throw it back before the ball bounce twice on the ground, then the point is lost.
  2. Players can only touch the ball using one hand (for professionals), or are allowed to change hands once (for amateurs). In case one can't catch the ball, if it bounce the 2nd time inside the court then 1 more point is awarded to the opponent.
  3. There are 3 feet positions in relation with the ground: not touching; one foot touched; and two feet. Throughout the time the body is in touch with the ball (i.e. from the time the hand catches the ball to the moment it is thrown), a player's feet must keep their relation with the ground (for professionals) or are allow to change to just one other state (for amateurs).
  4. Serving:
    1. Singles position: at least one foot has to touch the ground during the action. The server's ground-touching foot (feet) must be behind the 2p area. The throwing palm must be upward. In other words, the serve must be thrown in an upward direction, with an underarm throwing action.
    2. Doubles position: at least one foot has to touch the ground during the action. The server's ground-touching foot (feet) must be behind the Doubles' service line. (The above singles' hand regulation does not apply).
    3. Within a game, each side take turns to serve, which means no one gets to serve twice. The winner of previous game get to serve first in the next. The side who lost in the previous set get to serve first in the next.
  5. Whoever commits one of above mentioned fouls, the rally ends and the opponent is awarded 1 point.
  6. Each side needs three consecutive points to win a game. (It means if you are being led by two points, and then score one, then it's you who are having the advantage). Whoever gets to 9 games first and have a lead of at least 2 games wins a set. A match is the best of 5 or 7 sets, based on gender, stamina or skill level.


  1. In competing professional matches, there will be one head referee and four linesmen / touch-judges.
  2. In case of a complaint regarding the ball hitting place or a player's fault, there will be a use of hawkeye cameras.
  3. The head referee's decisions are final.

Advantages of Boluta include, but are not limited to:

  1. Unlike football (soccer) or martial arts, Boluta is a sport without direct impacts between competing sides, therefore most injuries are avoided, and especially unsportsmanlike conduct.
  2. The level of exercising activities of Boluta rates from fair to quite high, which increases our heart rates and helps burn a high amount of calories, which fulfills the need for health training. This is a big advantage over chess.
  3. What you need are only your hands and maybe a pair of shoes, therefore the personal equipment requirement of Boluta is minimum, so cheap when compared with expensive sets of rackets in tennis, for example.
  4. Boluta takes advantages of existing facilities such as the courts of badminton and the balls of tennis. In other words, we don't have to invest into infrastructure.
  5. When practicing, we can adjust the net height, the footstep regulation, the number of sets, etc. based on an individual's health condition. Basically, the sport's ability to customize is very high.
  6. The required space is not large -  actually it's too small when compared to golf, for example.
  7. Helps develop the body's overall muscles, especially in both of our arms (racquet sports like ping-pong only focus on one arm).
  8. The ball is almost not affected by the wind, hence Boluta can be practiced outdoors, in contrast with competing badminton.
  9. Boluta is very easy to habituate compared to sports that require high level of skill and accuracy, or demand a long time of practice to reach a basic standard, such as gymnastics or swimming.
  10. In contrast to volleyball or basketball, the required minimum number of person for a match is only two, so it's extremely easy to gather enough players.

=> With all the above advantages, Boluta is suitable to promote sport practice in public, while having all the conditions to become a popular professional competing sport.

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