Diving is an aquatic sport where the competition is based on how an athlete dives into a swimming pool from a raised launch pad, while performing acrobatic movements. Based on the launch pads used, diving is split into two types, springboard and platform.
Springboard dives are made from two height levels, 1 meter and 3 meter. Platform dives have several height levels from five to ten meters. Both type of dives have two disciplines, individual and synchronized. In competitions, events of different formats are separately conducted for both men and women.
At the Olympic Games, the only four disciplines used are: 3m individual and synchronized (springboard), and 10m individual and synchronized (platform), for both men and women. Besides the Olympics, diving competitions are conducted in the World Championships.
Dives are classified into six types based on the take-off position, which are, forward, back, inward, reverse, twist, and armstand. In competitions, divers get six attempts to perform one dive of each type. Dives are judged based on three aspects, take-off, flight, and entry, and points are awarded. Points awarded also take into account the difficulty of moves performed on-flight. Synchronized dives are additionally judged based on identical movements. The diver with the most points for all six dives totaled is declared as the winner.
Other 'Diving' Sports
- Freediving — underwater diving which completely relies on the diver's capability to hold its breath
- Sport Scuba Diving — aspects of scuba diving are performed in a swimming pool
- Synchronized Diving — a diving sport in which two divers perform the exact same dive simultaneously.
- High Diving — athletes dive into the water from considerably large heights.
- Skydiving — parachuting sport
- Diving at the Olympics
- The similarly named by quie different sport of scuba diving
- Complete list of sports
- The Encyclopedia of Sports