Wheelchair basketball is basically regular basketball played while sitting on a wheelchair. This sport is mostly played by disabled people and wheelchair basketball is one of the major disabled sports which is practiced. The game dates back to the 1940's.
The sport is controlled by the International Wheelchair Basketball federation. FIBA has actually recognized this sport. There are various competitions worldwide for this sport, including the Paralympic Games. A Wheelchair Basketball World Championship is usually held every two years between Paralympic Games.
The rules and scoring in wheelchair basketball are basically the same as that of regular basketball, with a few exceptions. For traveling, it occurs when the players touch the wheels more than twice after receiving or dribbling the ball. Before touching the wheel again, the player must pass or shoot the ball.
There are classifications set, on a scale of 1 to 4.5, for all teams to evaluate the functional abilities of a player. Each team may have up to 14 points each. Minimally disabled are 4.5, also non-disabled athletes. The highest degree of disability is a 1.0. Non-disabled athletes may play locally, but they cannot play in international competitions.
- Basketball — players attempt to shoot the ball through the hoop on the opponent’s court, moving the ball by throwing and dribbling.
- Deaf Basketball — basketball that is played by deaf people. Players use sign language to communicate with each other including the refs.
- Unicycle Basketball — a version of Basketball with all competitors riding unicycles. The sport uses a regulation basketball on a regular basketball court with the same rules.
- Wheelchair Tennis — a version of lawn tennis for those who have lower body disabilities.
- Wheelchair Rugby League — a version of rugby league football but played using a wheelchair
- Wheelchair Rugby — a full-contact indoor team sport conducted for players with disabilities.
- AFL Wheelchair — a wheelchair version of the football code from Australia, played between two teams of five players.
- Wheelchair basketball at the Paralympic Games
- About the Paralympic Games
- Sports for the Disabled
- Complete list of sports
- The Encyclopedia of Sports