Micronesia was previously known as the Caroline Islands, and became independent from the United States on September 17, 1991. The Federated States of Micronesia's National Olympic Committee (FSM) was only established in 1995 and recognized by the international committee two years later.
In 2000, they made their first appearance in the Summer Olympics by sending a five-athlete delegation to Sydney, Australia. Of the five athletes that represented the country, runner Elias Rodriguez is the only one who was able to advance to the finals and ranked 81st. The rest of the 2000 FSM Olympic Team was not able to advance.
The story is pretty much the same in 2004 where weightlifter Manuel Minginfel was the only one who managed to finish his event and he ranked 10th that year. The next Summer Games, he was also the only one who finished ranking no higher than 11th. Minginfel again snagged the 10th place in London at the 2012 Summer Games with the rest of the FSM Olympic team still unable to advance past the semifinals of their respective events.
Micronesia have not yet participated in the Winter Games.