FIFA Confederations Cup
The FIFA Confederations Cup was an international football tournament with eight national teams held every four years. The competition was held between by holders of each of the FIFA confederation championships (UEFA, CONMEBOL, CONCACAF, CAF, AFC, OFC) together with the FIFA World Cup holder and the host nation.
Although the cup lacked the similar status as the World Cup or confederation championships like Copa America or the European Cup, it was a significant competition for national teams during the off-summer season.
In 1992 the tournament was originally called the King Fahd Cup and was held and organized in Saudi Arabia. There were only two King Fahd Cups – in 1992 and 1995.
Since 1997, FIFA took over and organized the tournament, naming it the FIFA Confederations Cup and it was held every two years. In 2005, they decided to hold it every four years.
After 1997, the country hosting a World Cup the following year was the host of the Confederations Cup, to be held as a dress rehearsal for the World Cup. The dress rehearsal gives an opportunity to use as many of the World Cup facilities as possible and also presents some competition for the host country since it does not have to go through the World Cup qualifying process.
The first event, the 1992 King Fahd Cup, was won by Argentina. The first FIFA Confederations Cup champions in 1997 were Brazil. Overall, Brazil won four editions of the FIFA Confederations Cup - in 1997, 2005, 2009 and 2013. The last champions were Germany, who won in 2017 by defeating Chile 1–0 in the final to win their first and only title.
- In 2017 it was the first time that three teams from the same confederation took part in any Confederations Cup.
- 2015 AFC Asian Cup winners Australia became the first team to qualify from multiple confederations, having previously represented the OFC in 1997, 2001 and 2005.