Carmelo Bosco

Carmelo Bosco was a leading Italian sports physiologist. He worked for many years in Finland as a researcher in the laboratory of Sports Biology at the University of Jyvaskyla and as the Director of the Laboratory of Biomechanics and Physiology of Sports in Kuortane.

He published over 200 scientific publications, covering a wide area of exercise and performance physiology. His main areas of study were muscular mechanics, mechanical power measurement, hormones and work on vibrations as a training method.

From his studies on muscular mechanics and the effects of pre-stretching in the early 1980s originated the battery of tests known as "Bosco Tests" used today all over the world. Using the result of these studies he developed the EgoJump System, an innovative non-invasive system for the measurement of power output and muscular work. The Ergo-Power and Muscle-Lab systems followed.

While continuing to teach in Finland, Bosco became full professor at the Semmelweis University in Budapest, where he collaborated with Atko Viru in studies of hormones and exercise. His last general research topic was vibration, ultimately leading to the use of Neuro-Muscular Mechanical Stimulation (NEMES) to enhance fitness and health.

Bosco Fitness Tests

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