Underwater football is an underwater sports played with two teams. The objective of the game is to manoeuvre a buoyant ball from one side to the other. Scoring is achieved by placing the ball (under control) in the gutter on the side of the pool.
Variations include using a toy rubber torpedo as the ball, and weighing down buckets to rest on the bottom and serve as goals. This game is usually played in Canada. This sport dates back to the 1960’s when it was invented by a scuba instructor.
A junior sized basketball or NFL-style football, with negative buoyancy, may be used for this sport. The court should be 10 meters deep, 15meters long, and 4 meters deep. Unlike football, the match has two halves, with 20 minutes each half, and a half time of 5 minutes.
- Underwater Rugby — two teams compete for a slightly negatively buoyant ball (filled with saltwater) and score by placing it into the opponents' goal (heavy metal bucket) at the bottom of a swimming pool.
- Underwater Hockey — two teams of six push a puck along the bottom of a swimming pool. (also known as 'Octopush' or Water Hockey).