Encyclopedia of Sport: Every sport from around the world


Bridge is a card game played by four players (two teams of two) sitting around a table, with partners sitting opposite one another. The players sitting across from each other at the same table form partnerships as North-South and East-West. The game uses a standard playing card deck of 52 cards. A game of bridge consists of several deals (also called hands or boards). A hand is dealt, the bidding (or auction) proceeds to a conclusion and then the hand is played. Finally, the hand's result is scored.

The aim of a single deal is to achieve the highest score with given cards. The score is affected by two principal factors: the number of tricks bid in the auction, and the number of tricks taken during play.

Contract bridge is different from previous versions of bridge, in that the contract refers to a statement by one partnership that they shall take at least a certain number of tricks, with a given suit as trumps, or without trumps.

Bridge does not fit our definition of a real sport as it is not primarily a human physical activity, but is included on this list of sports as it appeared on the sporting program of the Asian Games.


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