Here are the basic pieces of equipment needed for canoeing and kayaking events ). Note that the actual equipment needed may vary depending on the level of play, the location and type of water, and the preferences of the canoeist.
- Canoe: A specialized canoe designed for whitewater, usually made of high-density polyethylene, fiberglass or Kevlar.
- Paddle: A specialized paddle designed for slalom, typically shorter and wider than a standard paddle for flatwater canoeing. The blade is also angled for better control.
- Personal Flotation Device (PFD): A life jacket that must be worn at all times while on the water.
- Helmet: A specialized helmet designed to protect the head from impacts and to provide a secure fit for the chin strap.
- Nose Clip: A small clip worn on the nose to prevent water from entering the nostrils during submersion.
- Spray Deck or Skirt: A neoprene cover that attaches to the cockpit rim of the canoe to keep water out and to aid in the canoe's buoyancy.
- Wetsuit or Drysuit: A specialized suit made of neoprene or other waterproof material that helps protect the body from cold water and provides additional buoyancy.
- Shoes/Booties: Specialized shoes made of neoprene or other waterproof material that help protect the feet from cold water and provide grip on the canoe.
- Timing System: A system used to measure the time taken to complete the course.
- Slalom Gates: A set of poles suspended over the water, which the canoeist must pass through in a specific order, either in a downstream or upstream direction.
Safety and Rescue Equipment
- Communication devices, whistles, flares
- First-aid supplies.
- Carabiners and quickdraws can be used to secure gear or for rescue purposes.
- A rescue knife with a blunt tip for cutting ropes or other materials in emergency situations.
- A small throw bag with a rope inside that is used to help rescue a swimmer or a canoe that has capsized.