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Cross-Country Skiing at the Winter Olympics

In cross-country skiing, athletes compete in long-distance races in the snow, wearing skis and using ski poles to propel them across the mostly flat terrain. It has been on the Winter Olympics program since 1924 in Chamonix, France. However, the women's events did not begin until 1952.

In classical cross-country skiing technique, athletes use a diagonal stride in which both skis stay parallel to each other. In freestyle, which is generally faster, the athlete pushes the inside edge of the ski simultaneously backward and outward at about a 45-degree angle, similar to the motions of ice skating. The FIS designates which technique will be used for each event, so it may change from freestyle in one Olympics, to classical style in the next. 

Cross-country skiing also comprise part of the biathlon and Nordic combined events.

2022 Events

Cross-country skiing at the Winter Olympics comprises 12 events (6 for men, 6 for women):


Thorleif Haug (Norway) 1924 Thorleif Haug (Norway) won three gold medals
at the inaugural 1924 Winter Olympics
at Chamonix, France


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