Mixed Martial Arts (MMA)

Mixed Martial Arts, more popularly known by its abbreviated name MMA, is a full contact individual combat sport. The sport was developed to include aspects of several other combat sports and martial arts.

MMA classifies fighters into nine different classes based on weight, which are, flyweight, bantamweight, featherweight, lightweight, welterweight, middleweight, heavyweight, heavyweight, and super heavyweight.

All MMA fights are conducted on a ring within a fenced enclosure, between two fighters of the same weight class. Fighters are only allowed to use techniques that fall into one of the two major categories, striking and grappling. Fights are conducted in a fixed number of rounds (usually 3) format, where each round lasts for a fixed (mostly 5 minutes) duration. Winners are decided by one of the following outcomes, Knockout, Technical Knockout, Submission, Judges Decision, Disqualification, Retirement, No Contest, Forfeit, or Doctor Stoppage.

There are several MMA leagues around the world. The most popular of which is the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC). The league, which has most of the top ranked fighters, conducts several events around the world. For each event, fights are conducted for all weight classes. The most popular of these events are the ones that are titled as UFC followed by a number suffix, like UFC 193. Major UFC events also feature fights for women of different weight classes.

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